Guarda, the highest city in Portugal with an average height of 1,056 meters, known as the city of 5 (five) F’s: Forte, Farta, Fria, Fiel and Formosa:
Forte (Strong): by the symbolism of the tower of the castle and the walls, and of its geographical position.
Farta (Full): for all the wealth of the Mondego River valley;
Fria (Cold): by the proximity to Serra da Estrela – where it usually snows;
Fiel (Faithful): because the Chief Warden of the Guardian Castle, during the crisis of 1383-85, refused to hand over the keys of the city to the King of Castile.
Formosa (Beautiful): by the evident and so natural beauty guarded by the city.
The cuisine is very rich and is associated with that of the Serra da Estrela and the extensive grazing lands, consisting essentially of dishes of delicious pork, lamb, kid, beef, white meats, sausages and the famous sheep’s cheese from the Serra, accompanying with a good wine. The blood pudding made during the winter is traditional of the city, but it is also worth tasting the ham cured in sea salt and, in the time of the hunt, the malandrinho hare rice or the wild boar with beans. In regional sweets, the children, biscuits, biscuits, the Bola Parda and the Bola da Guarda stand out.
A land of hospitable people, one of the most important Jewish communities in the country was established here, with great economic and cultural influence and who continued to practice their religion and live according to their own customs.
The air, historically recognized for health and purity, was distinguished by the European Bioclimatic Federation in 2002, which awarded the Guard the title of the first “Iberian Bioclimatic City”.